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and M.G.-R.) and by means of Secretaria d’Universitats i Recerca (contract no. 2013 DI 49; to J.D. and J.V.); and by the European Union through Future and Emerging Technologies FET Proactive Project MULTIPLEX (Multilevel Complex Networks and Systems) (contract no. 317532; to Y.M., J.G.-G., and J.P.-C.) and FET Proactive Project DOLFINS (Distributed International Financial Systems for Society) (contract no. 640772; to C.G.-L., Y.M., plus a.S.). Author contributions: J.P., Y.M., as well as a.S. conceived the original concept for the experiment; J.P.-C., C.G.-L., J.V., J.G.-G., J.P., Y.M., J.D., and AS contributed for the final experimental setup; J.V., .J.D., and J.P.-C. wrote the software program interface for the experiment; J.P.-C., M.G.-R., C.G.-L., J.G.-G., J.P., Y.M., and J.D. carried out the experiments; J.P.-C., M.G.-R., C.G.-L., and J.G.-G. analyzed the information; J.P.C., M.G.-R., C.G.-L., J.G.-G., J.P., Y.M., J.D., plus a.S. discussed the evaluation benefits; and J.P.-C., M.G.-R., C.G.-L., J.V., J.G.-G., J.P., Y.M., J.D., along with a.S. wrote the paper. Competing interests: The authors declare that they’ve no competing interests. Data and components availability: All information needed to evaluate the conclusions within the paper are present inside the paper and/or the Supplementary Materials. More data associated to this paper could be requested from the authors. Submitted 1 March 2016 Accepted 2 July 2016 Published five August 2016 10.1126/sciadv.MedChemExpress NVP-LBH589 1600451 Citation: J. Poncela-Casasnovas, M. Guti rez-Roig, C. Gracia-L aro, J. Vicens, J. G ez-Garde s, J. Perell? Y. Moreno, J. Duch, A. S chez, Humans display a decreased set of consistent behavioral phenotypes in dyadic games. Sci. Adv. two, e1600451 (2016).Poncela-Casasnovas et al. Sci. Adv. 2016; two : e5 August8 ofCMAJEditorialFRAN IS?WWW.JAMC.CAMust we retain depriving residents fpsyg.2013.00735 of [email protected]@See connected news short article, pageWould you like an alcohol-impaired resident involved in hospital care? Needless to say not. Why, then, is it acceptable for exhausted residents to examine individuals, help in operations or write prescriptions once they may possibly be functionally impaired at a level comparable to alcohol intoxication?1 Sleep deprivation impacts mastering, cognition, job functionality, physical and psychological well-being, and private life. Residents aren’t magically immune from these events.two Right after working extended shifts, property staff are additional probably to have car crashes, accidentally jab themselves with needles and make critical health-related errors.3,4,five Depriving residents of sleep puts both them and other people at threat. To address these concerns, lots of have suggested lowered working hours for residency applications. By August 1472-6920-13-86 2009, the European Functioning Time Directive will limit an typical maximum working week to 48 hours, using a maximum of 13 consecutive hours along with a mandatory minimum rest period. Inside the United states, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) instituted regulations in 2003 that restrict residents to a maximum 80-hour workweek, with a maximum shift length of 30 hours.