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247. Ven?R, Castellani P, Delfino L, Lucibello M, Ciriolo MR, Rubartelli A. The cystine/cysteine cycle and GSH are independent and important antioxidant systems in malignant melanoma cells and represent druggable targets. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2011;15:2439?three.Submit your next manuscript to BioMed Central and take full advantage of:?Handy on the internet submission ?Thorough peer review ?No space constraints or color figure charges ?Immediate publication on acceptance ?Inclusion in PubMed, CAS, Scopus and Google Scholar ?Investigation which is freely out there for redistributionSubmit your manuscript at http://www.biomedcentral.com/submitSpencer et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (2015) 12:6 DOI 10.1186/s12966-015-0166-REVIEWOpen AccessUnderstanding gender norms, nutrition, and physical activity in adolescent girls: a scoping reviewRebecca A Spencer1*, Laurene Rehman2 and Sara FL KirkAbstractPublic well being is presently focused on childhood obesity, along with the associated behaviors of physical activity and nutrition. Canadian youth are insufficiently active and microbiolspec.MCHD-0007-2015 usually do not meet nutritional recommendations. This is of specific concern for adolescent girls, as they may be less active than boys, turn out to be much less active as they age, and engage in unhealthy weight handle behaviors. The purpose of this assessment would be to identify what’s identified in the existing literature about how gender norms are understood in relation to the health-related behaviors of PA and nutrition in young girls. This scoping evaluation follows the framework of Arksey and O’Malley, involving defining a research question, study identification and choice, charting, interpretation, summarizing, and reporting. In total, 28 documents are reviewed, and characteristics are summarized quantitatively and qualitatively. Five significant themes are identified: (1) Girls’ relationships with PA are complicated and IB-MECA web demand negotiating gender roles, (2) the literature focuses on dieting as opposed to nutrition, (three) look and perceptions influence behaviors, (four) “body” focused discourse is important to girls’ experiences, and (5) social influences, institutions, and environments are influential and may possibly give chance for future investigation and action. Gaps within the literature are identified and discussed. It’s concluded that young girls’ activity and nutrition is impacted by gender norms and feminine ideals by way of complex negotiations, perceptions, body-centered discourse, and societal influences. Keyword phrases: Gender norms, Physical activity, Nutrition, Adolescent girls, Scoping studyPublic overall health is currently focused on childhood obesity, with 32 of Canadian youth getting overweight or obese . In 2006, the direct price of childhood and adult obesity was an estimated four of healthcare expenditures in Canada, a figure that will not include things like indirect charges, and that’s expected to boost alongside rates of obesity . Nutrition and physical activity (PA) are two potentially contributing elements to obesity, and whilst typically looked at as person behaviors, the population overall health viewpoint is increasingly recognizing that broader factors, such as obesogenic environments, contribute significantly for the wellness of folks . Canadian children s00415-016-8097-0 and youth will not be getting sufficient nutrition, specifically in regard to fruit and s12115-016-0027-3 vegetable consumption [4,5]. Similarly, fewer than 7 of Canadian youth obtain the Canadian Society for* Correspondence: [email protected] 1 Applied Investigation Collaboration.