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  • Giusto Cantu posted an update 4 months ago

    2002 [159]Wistar 52 weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 caseinDuring pregnancyNutrients 2015, 7 Table 1. Cont.Nwagwu et al. 2000 [160]Wistar 4, 12 and 20 weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 caseinDuring pregnancybirth wt SBP at all 3 ages kidney: body wt at 4weeks kidney morphometry at 12 weeks birth wt body wt at 12 weeks MAP at 9 to pjms.324.8942 12 weeks adult arterial structure body wt at 4 weeks body wt at 12 weeks SBP at 4 and 12 weeks birth wt journal.pmed.1002078 physique wt between four and 12 weeks SBP at four weeks SBP at 8 weeks SBP at 12 weeks birth wt saturated cardiac fatty acids unsaturated cardiac fatty acids LV internal diameter at all ages LV wall thickness at 4 weeks birth weights SBP at 15 weeks physique wt at 10 weeks grip strength at 10 weeks motor activity at ten weeksPladys et al. 2005 [161]Wistar 9 to12 weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 caseinDuring pregnancySherman and Langley-Evans, 2000 [127]Wistar four and 12 weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 caseinDuring pregnancySwali et al. 2010 [128]Wistar 4, 8 and 12 weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 caseinDuring pregnancyTappia et al. 2005 [162]Wistar 3 weeks Wistar 1, four and 8 weeks Wistar 15 weeks Sprague-Dawley ten weeksNPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 casein NPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 casein NPD: 18.0 casein LPD: 9.0 casein NPD: 20.0 casein LPD: ten.0 casein2 weeks prior to and during pregnancyTappia et al. 2011 [163] Torrens et al. 2006 [164]2 weeks prior to and during pregnancy 2 weeks before and throughout pregnancy In the course of pregnancy and 3 weeks postnatallyOhishi et al. 2012 [165]Nutrients 2015, 7 Table 1. Cont.Wistar 17 and 21 weeks NPD: 20.0 casein LPD: ten.0 casein For the duration of pregnancy and 3 weeks postnatallyReyes-Castro et al. 2011 [166]birth wt body length at birth physique wt at 17 and 21 weeks cognitive function at 21 weeks birth wt in females birth wt in males physique wt at three and 18 weeks for each sexes insulin sensitivityZambrano et al. 2006 [167]Wistar 16 and 18 weeksNPD: 20.0 casein LPD: 10.0 caseinDuring pregnancy and three weeks postnatallyMAP: imply arterial stress; NPD: standard protein diet plan; LV: left ventricle; LV 0970-2113.188969 + S: left ventricle plus interventricular septum; SBP: systolic blood pressure; wt: weight; WKY: Wistar-Kyoto; : enhanced; : decreased; : unchanged.Nutrients 2015, 7 7. Low Birth Weight and Postnatal Physique GrowthIn accordance with our findings, several laboratories worldwide have shown that administration of a protein restricted eating plan to rat dams through pregnancy leads to development PRE-084 (hydrochloride)MedChemExpress PRE-084 (hydrochloride) restriction within the offspring (Table 1). Provided the relative consistency of those findings, maternal protein restriction in rats has now develop into just about the most generally employed animal models of IUGR (Table 1). Towards the contrary, however, the long-term effects on body weight usually are not constantly precisely the same; in some laboratories the offspring undergo postnatal catch up in physique development, whereas in others the body weight from the offspring remains attenuated all through life (Table 1). It truly is a constant finding in our laboratory that the low protein diet program (LPD) offspring are born modest and they then stay drastically smaller sized all through life when in comparison to regular protein eating plan (NPD) handle offspring [99,117,143?45,147?49]; this is also reported in some other investigation groups [95,141]. In contrast, catch-up in body development in the IUGR rat offspring is typically reported following maternal protein restriction [51,137,140].

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